Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 update - all you need to know

Wednesday, 02 July 2014

Today Apple updated Final Cut Pro X to version 10.1.2. Nearly all the new features and refinements Apple announced seem to be about supporting high-end workflows:

  • More control over optimised media, proxy media and render files
  • Apply LUTs to HDR and wide-gamut media from high-end cameras - Apple calls this 'Log Processing'
  • A new ProRes flavour: 4444 XQ
  • Faster export of cuts only XDCAM media (good for TV news and DaVinci Resolve workflows)
  • Fine-grained control over XML export - from individual clips, multiple clips, projects, events or whole libraries
  • Library metadata view
  • Automatically apply keywords based on tags assigned in the Finder - the advantage over folders is that the same media can have multiple tags - such as camera name, location and scene number
  • The ability to search for or create smart collections of used or unused media in the current project, compound clip, synchronized clip or multicam clip.
  • A 'Share to Vimeo at 4K' destination

As well as these features for TV, movies and live events, there are new features useful for a larger range of Final Cut users:

  • Unused range indicators for compound clips, multicam clips and synced clips
  • Tools to support voiceover Audition clips
  • Adjust relaive as well as absolute audio volume of a clip or range within a clip
  • Option to sort events by date or name within libraries list
  • The ability to import a clip by dragging directly to the browser (before you could import by dragging a clip to a specific event in the libraries list)

Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 information not promoted by Apple

  • The format for Final Cut libraries has changed, if you update them with version 10.1.2, any 10.1.1 or 10.1.0 systems will not be able to read them any more.
  • New 'Basic Surround' audio preset makes panning surround sound easier
  • Break apart Auditions to see the individual clips on the timeline (using Clip > Break Apart Clip Items or Shift-Command-G)
  • 10.1.1 could run on OS X 10.9.0, Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 requires at least OS X 10.9.2. This also applies to Motion and Compressor.
  • Using the , and . keys to nudge clips in the timeline now acts as a slide edit
  • Updated version of Final Cut Pro X XML - so a wider variety of information can be exported to or imported from other workflow applications
  • You can close all libraries - one does not have to remain open
  • More control of how synchronised clips are generated
  • Much better relinking of missing files. Select the parent volume or folder and Final Cut will now search all sub-folders until it finds the correct files
  • New text format presets
  • There are many new effects, transitions, titles and generators 

Library properties

The inspector can show information about the selected library (also available using the new Control-Command-J shortcut)

library-properties

When you are modify Storage Locations settings, tooltips pop up to show where media, cache and backups are currently stored:

library-storage-locations

When preparing to backup or transfer a library, you now have more control over whether optimised or proxy media is included: 

library-consolidation

Delete 'Generated Files'

In addition to being able to delete render files, you can now delete proxy and cache files associated with projects, events and libraries:

Delete-Generated-Project-Files

Delete-Generated-Library-Files

XML Export

XML export can now include one or more clips only and one or more projects. Final Cut lists the elements to be included in the export at the bottom of the export dialogue box:

export-xml-selection

Volume control

Using a pair of new commands, you can set new volume values without using the audio tab of the inspector:

Adjust-Volume-commands 

Then, with one or more clips selected, you can change audio volume amounts by typing a number into the timeline:

relative-volume

If you use Modify > Adjust Volume > Absolute, the audio level of the clips you selected is set to the new value. If any clips had audio level keyframes assigned, these will be deleted.

Sort events by…

sort-events-by

sort-by

Record Voiceover

The former 'Record Audio' command has more features:

record-voiceover

You can name the resultant clip, hear countdown beeps to aid timing, combine different takes into an audition and choose into which event the audio clips are stored.

If you want to use the keyboard to start voiceover recording, press Option-Shift-A. To stop recording, press the space bar or press Option-Shift-A again.

ProRes 4444 XQ

4444 XQ is a new flavour or ProRes has data rates approximately 50% higher than 4444. Apple have updated their ProRes white paper with more information. ProRes 4444 XQ works on MacOS X 10.8 and newer. To use XQ, you may need to download the ProApps Codecs v1.0.5 installer. This should appear in the Mac App Store when you check for updates after installing Final Cut 10.1.2. If not, you can download the installer direct from Apple.

Apple will promote it as being as good as uncompressed at much lower data rates and good enough for storing camera original media:

xq-better-than-uncompressed

ARRI have announced that the next software upgrade for their cameras will support ProRes 4444 XQ recording.

Surround Sound

A new audio panning mode: 'Basic Surround'

basic-surround-menu

Basic Surround positions the signal in its default channels, with a stereo signal in the right and left channels, and a mono signal in the center channel. The Pan Amount slider setting distributes portions of the signal to other channels and can be adjusted from –100 (left channels) to 100 (right channels).

Import preferences

As imported media can be copied to a location defined by each library (within the library or elsewhere), the file location option is to follow the library setting or to leave the source clips in place.

Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 defaults to adding keywords to clips based on the tags assigned to their source media files in the Finder (and perhaps using other metadata manipulation applications one day). If you use REDCODE RAW media, the keywords assigned to the clips are based on the tags assigned to the parent folder of the media.

import-prefs

Those options are also available when importing specific clips. In this case the new clips will be imported to the storage location for the "Window Cleaner" library, which is currently set to 'relink test':

media-import-options

Final Cut Pro X XML version 1.4

Once again Apple has updated their data interchange format so more information can be exported from and imported into Final Cut.

  • Libraries and events can be encoded in XML files - but XMLs can no-longer refer to objects in other libraries
<!-- LIBRARY ELEMENT -->
<!ELEMENT library (event*)>
<!ATTLIST library location CDATA #IMPLIED>
<!-- EVENT ELEMENT -->
<!ELEMENT event (clip | audition | mc-clip | ref-clip | %collection_item; | project)*>
<!ATTLIST event name CDATA #IMPLIED>
<!ATTLIST event uid CDATA #IMPLIED>
  • A clearer way of encoding animated values
<!-- A 'keyframeAnimation' element describes an animation curve using the contained 'keyframe' elements -->
<!ELEMENT keyframeAnimation (keyframe*)>
<!-- A 'keyframe' element describes an point along an animation curve -->
<!ELEMENT keyframe EMPTY>
<!ATTLIST keyframe time %time; #REQUIRED>
<!ATTLIST keyframe value CDATA #REQUIRED>
<!ATTLIST keyframe interp (linear | ease | easeIn | easeOut) "linear"> <!-- interpolation type for point. -->
  • What was encoded in version 1.3 of FCPX XML as a 'shot marker' is now an 'analysis marker'
<!ENTITY % marker_item "(marker | chapter-marker | rating | keyword | analysis-marker)">
  • Analysis markers can encode what kind of shot is in a clip (or range of a clip) and also encode how shaky the shot is
<!ELEMENT analysis-marker (shot-type | stabilization-type)+>
<!ELEMENT stabilization-type EMPTY>
<!ATTLIST stabilization-type value (excessiveShake) #REQUIRED>
  •  Sequences (projects and compound clips) can now be assigned audio layouts and sample rates
<!-- A 'sequence' is a container for a spine of story elements in a sequence project. -->
<!ELEMENT sequence (note?, spine, %audio_comp_items;, metadata?)>
<!ATTLIST sequence %media_attrs;>
<!ATTLIST sequence audioLayout (mono | stereo | surround) #IMPLIED>
<!ATTLIST sequence audioRate %audioHz; #IMPLIED>
  • Individual multicam clip angles must include basic transform settings (intrinsic-params-video) and not applied to the whole clip
<!ELEMENT mc-source (%audio_comp_items;, %intrinsic-params-video;, filter-video*)>
  • Text in a title can now be set to 'justified'
<!ATTLIST text-style alignment (left | center | right | justified)

'Break Apart' Auditions

If you have created an audition in an event or by dragging multiple clips to a timeline, you can now exchange the audition elements with the individual clips.

Previewing first audition pick:

break-audition-1

Previewing third audition pick:

break-audition-2

After choosing 'Break Apart Clip Items' from the Clip menu:

break-audition-3

The current (third) audtion pick is now in the main storyline and the other picks are attached to it in order.

Search for used or unused media in current item

A hidden feature of Final Cut Pro X 10.1 was when looking for media in the browser you can choose to find clips based on whether they are used in the current project, compound clip, synchronized clip or multicam clip - you could get this view using the Control-U keyboard shortcut. In 10.1.2 you can carry out more complex searches or create smart collections based on whether media is used or not. 

For example you could find all the synchronized clips not used in the current timeline - be it a project, synchronized clip or a multicam clip being edited in the angle viewer.

search-whether-used-or-not

Nudging clips in the timeline defaults to slide edits

If you change the position of a clip in the timeline by entering relative timecode (e.g. typing '+15') or use the ',' and '.' keys to move a clip forwards or back along the timeline, Final Cut now does a slide edit - the neighbouring clips are trimmed to allow for the change.

Before:

slip-1

Pressing Shift-. a few times slides the audition further along the timeline:

slip-2

The '06c-14:5' clip duration is increased and the start of the '04-13:1 1' clip is trimmed off to allow for the change.

Note that as this slide movement depends on the unused parts of the neighbouring clips, if there is no more media to reveal in the earlier clip ('06c-14:5' in this case), the selected clip will not move forward in the timeline.

To get the clip nudge result in previous versions of Final Cut, use the Position tool (press the 'P' key) to either drag the clip, or if the position tool is the current tool, nudging will insert a gap clip before the clip you are nudging:

slip-4-pointer 

More control over synchronized clip generation

In 10.1.2 when you synchronize selected clips in an event, you get a dialogue box that gives you multicam-like controls over how the new synchronized clip is generated:

make-sync-clip

Editing clips between libraries warning

For editors who regularly use clips from one library in another, there is now the option not to show this warning every time:

clips-tween-libaries-warning

Interesting that Apple have spent time on the kind of change that a few editors must have asked for - that hopefully was a task that a single programmer spent a few hours on.

New Plugins

It is interesting that Apple didn't mention the many new effects, transitions, titles and generators included in the 10.1.2 update - it is almost as if they don't want this version associated with any consumer-friendly improvements.

New Effects

Focus

Found in the Blur effects category

effect focus

Graduated Mask

Found in the Keying effects category:

effect-graduated-mask

Streaks

Found in the Light effects category:

effect-streak

Newsprint

Found in the new Nostalgia effects category:

effect-newsprint

Security

Also found in the new Nostalgia effects category:

effect-security

Raindrops

Found in the Stylize effects category - the checkerboard background shows where the effect made the clip transparent - when rendered, these areas export as black:

effect-raindrops

Textures

Found in the Stylize effects category. If defaults to using a wood texture, but you can apply your own using the drop zone:

effect-textures

Decal

Found in the new Text Effects effects category - designed to be applied to connected Titles with underlying video being used in the drop zone:

effect-decal

Stencil

Found in the Text Effects effects category also:

effect-stencil

Visual Echo

Found in the Tiling effects category:

effect-visual-echo

New Transitions

Divide

Found in the Dissolves transition category:

transition-divide

Clothesline

Found in the Movements transition category. Each clip swings as if it is hanging on a clothes line:

transition-clothesline

Color Planes

Found in the Movements transition category:

transition-color-panes

Fall

The outgoing clip falls forwards. Found in the Movements transition category:

transition-fall

Push

Although already as an option in the Slide transition, it is now also to be found in the Movements transition category:

transition-push

Scale

Scales the incoming clip or the outgoing clip up or down. Found in the Movements transition category:

transition-scale

Switch

In the Movements transition category:

transition-switch

Arrows

From the Movements transition category. Choose from Arrow, Round, Square, None and Bevel end caps:

transition-arrows

3D Rectangle

From the Replicator/Clones transition category:

transition-3D-Rectangle

Combo Spin

From the Replicator/Clones transition category:

transition-Combo-Spin

Concentric

From the Replicator/Clones transition category:

transition-Concentric

Vertigo

From the Replicator/Clones transition category. Choose from Arrow, Round, Square, None and Bevel end caps:

transition-Vertigo

Color Panels

From the Stylized transition category:

transition-color-panels

New Titles

Activate

From the Bumper/Opener title category:

title-Activate

Bold Fin

From the Bumper/Opener title category:

title-Bold-Fin

Point

From the Bumper/Opener title category:

title-Point

Stacked

From the Bumper/Opener title category:

title-Stacked

Slate

From the Credits title category:

title-Slate

Thumbnails

From the Lower Thirds title category:

title-Thumnails

New Generators

Beam

From the Backgrounds generator category:

generator-1-beam

Clouds

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically:

generator-2-clouds

Drifting

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically with a choice of dust, spark, puffball, moth and spark particles:

generator-3-drifting

Glimmer

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically:

generator-4-glimmer

Lines

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically:

generator-5-lines

Nova

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically:

generator-6-nova

Rays

From the Backgrounds generator category - animates automatically:

generator-7-rays

Here are the new transitions, titles and generators in action:

In the Divide, Arrows, Color Panels transitions there is a small fault in the built-in Motion template which means the incoming clip is moved to the left by one pixel (when the resolution of the project is 1920 by 1080 pixels) during the transition (In Motion terms: Transition B's anchor point is set to 1,0). Perhaps we'll see version 10.1.2.1 soon!

Commands and keyboard shortcuts

New keyboard shortcuts for the new and modified commands:

  • Open Library - Command-O
  • Library Properties - Control-Command-J
  • Adjust Volume Absolute - Control-Option-L
  • Adjust Volume Relative - Control-L
  • Record Voiceover - Option-Command-8
  • Start/Stop Voiceover Recording - Option-Shift-A (when Record Voiceover window is open)

The new 'Sort Event in Library list' commands can have keyboard shortcuts added using Final Cut Pro > Commands > Customize 

available-for-keyboard-shortcuts

These commands are described as 'Sort selected items...' - perhaps in future other items than events will be able to be sorted using these commands.

New text format presets

Most of the text presets that were included with previous versions of Final Cut have been replaced by more flexible options:

text-presets

Appply these using the pop-up menu above the text box in the Text panel of the Title inspector.

Big improvement in relinking files

Since the reintroduction of the ability to relink missing files to Final Cut Pro X, the search aspect of feature has been limited. In 10.1.2 when relinking you don't have to directly find one of the missing files. You can now select the volume or  folder within which you think the missing files are now stored. Final Cut will search all its subfolders until it finds the missing files.

To test this I copied 8 files stored outside a library to a different drive and deleted the originals. When I restarted Final Cut, the media was marked as missing. I chose File > Relink Files and selected the parent folder of the parent folder where I'd copied the missing files. Final Cut searched through 44,621 files and found the correct 8 copies I made earlier.

Last library can now be closed

Final Cut no longer needs to have at least library open:

Untitled-2

Consumer camera option

If you have video and stills on the camera you are importing from, you can now choose whether Final Cut displays one, the other or both:

videos-or-photos

Better camera colour processing

Higher-end cameras now record colour information using Logarithmic number ranges. This makes it possible to record a much larger range of colour brightness values in the same number of bytes in the media file - a higher dynamic range. Most camera manufacturers use their own way of storing this 'log' information - but some don't encode the metadata in the clips they record to indentify which method they use. In 10.1.2 there is a new menu to tell Final Cut which log encoding to use for a clip.

If clips recorded on high-end cameras aren't displayed using a logarithmic transfer curve, they can look very 'flat' - a milky low-contrast look. All the information for full colour and a full range of brightness from inky black to brighter than the sun is stored in the clip and available for grading. Log Processing is useful to reassure directors, producers and clients that the colour and brightness levels were all captured on location.

Select a clip or clips in an event or on the timeline. Go to the Info tab of the clip inspector. Make sure the metadata view popup (in the bottom-left corner of the inspector) is set to 'Settings' - choose the correct value from the 'Log Processing' parameter menu:

log-processing

Changing the setting of a clip or clips on a timeline changes the value of the source clips in the event and vice versa.

Pasting transitions 

I read in Tom Wolsky's 10.1.2 rundown that transitions that you have copied can now be pasted to the ends of one or more individually connected clips.

You can also paste a copied transition to multiple clips:

paste-transitions

Note that the transition wasn't pasted between the first and second clip of the secondary storyline - that's beacause there wasn't enough media in the clips for the transition to work.

Bug reports

Sadly no software updates are bug-free. Some problems happen on specific setups, others are more widespread:

The good news is that various versions of Final Cut Pro X can work on the same machine with few problems. Whenever the library (or project and event) file format changes, before using Software Update to get the new version, zip the 'Final Cut Pro.app' on your computer (Control-click it in the Finder and choose 'Compress "Final Cut Pro"' from the context menu). If you move that .zip archive to an external drive, you can expand the archive and run the older version of Final Cut when you want to access older projects.

Compatibility with 3rd party products

Final-Cut-Library-Manager

Final Cut Library Manager from Arctic Whiteness has been updated to work with the new library format, as long as users don't store render, optimised media or cache files outside their libraries. Arctic Whiteness are reviewing how to update the utility to take into the account the new library flexibility in Final Cut 10.1.2.

FCP-Backups

Backups for Final Cut Pro by NP Associates works with 10.1.2. They plan to release a small update that doesn't back up sync files.

X2Pro

X2Pro Audio Convert and X2ProLE Audio Convert from Marquis Broadcast have been updated to support Final Cut Pro X XML version 1.4 - these applications converts XMLs into Avid Pro Tools audio sessions.

pro-maintenance-tools

Pro Maintenance Tools from Digital Rebellion has been updated to support 10.1.2.

Red Giant have reported that most of their Final Cut products work with 10.1.2, now including Magic Bullet Looks and PluralEyes 

7toX iconXto7iconChange-List-XiconSyncnlinkXiconProducers-best-Friend-icon

Philip Hodgetts of Assisted Editing reports that 7toX and Xto7Change List X and Sync-N-Link X have been all updated for 10.1.2, Producer’s Best Friend has been updated but there's more to do.

lumberjack

The Lumberjack on-location real-time logging system has added a new mode enabled by the new version of Final Cut XML that 10.1.2 uses

Resolve-11

In the case of Blackmagic DaVinci Resolve, version 10.1.5 cannot read XML 1.4 exported from Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2. A workflow that worked for me was to import the XML into DaVinci Resolve 11 Beta 1. 11b1 exports as FCPX XML 1.3 - which can be read by Resolve 10.1.5 (and Final Cut Pro X 10.1 and 10.1.1). 11b2 is supposed to be more compatible with XML 1.4.

shotnotes X

Shot Notes X - the application that combines logged on-set information with Final Cut Pro X XML - has been updated to support FCP X XML 1.4. 

10.1.2 feature demos and tutorials

Here are some videos that demonstrate some of the new features:

FinalCutProX.net (9:45)

Novedades de Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 (14:34) - finalcutpro.es

What's New Final Cut Pro 10.1.2 (12:48) - VideoEditOz

FOCUS: FCPX 10 1 2: Le Tour complet des nouveautés ! (54:27)- YakYakYak.fr

FCPX-Update10.1.2 (6:54) - Und wieder gab es ein Update von FCPX und Motion5 ein kurzen Einblick in die Neuerungen seht Ihr hier

FCPX 10.1.2 First Look and Impressions - Karl Reith

Tutorials:

Media management - Guidelines & Operations (16:45), Library Model Overview (8:38) and Choosing a Storage Location for Your Media (17:33) -  free excerpts from Ripple Training's two hour Media Management in Final Cut Pro X tutorial.

Final Cut Pro 10.1.2 Media Management Changes (11:21) - MacBreak Weekly

File Management in FCP X 10.1.2 (9:42) - MacBreak Weekly on how file renaming and relinking have improved

10.1.2 Interesting reports

John Davidson of Magic Feather is very happy with the new 10.1.2 library media management - very useful for workgroups sharing media elements.

Ryan Velin reports in a post at FCP.co that while editing a 1 hour show for Danish TV, he found that 10.1.2 was noticably faster and that XML 'really works'

Larry Jordan on how keyframe editing has changed in 10.1.2.

Alex Snelling (@slackalicefilms) has updated his comprehensive Final Cut Pro X in a Share Environment workflows primer for 10.1.2.

Updated Apple documents

Online help

PDF version of 10.1.2 User Guide

Final Cut Pro X: Version 10.1.2 release notes 

Apple Media Management White Paper - June 2014

Final Cut Pro X 10.1 and later: Back up libraries and archive projects

Hiding Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2 has a delay on external display

Final Cut Pro X 10.1.2: Updating and working with libraries FAQ

About Apple ProRes

ProRes white paper

PDF of Motion 5.1.1 User Guide - very few changes, mainly repagination

PDF of Compressor 4.1.2 User Guide

Apple developer documentation for those wanting add tools to Apple application ecosystems - including Final Cut Pro X

  

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